Guide for Authors

Please read the Aims & Scope to assess if your manuscript is suitable for IJDI. Submissions must be novel, technically sound, and clearly presented. For transparency, we encourage authors to submit a Cover Letter and an Author Statement outlining their individual contributions to the paper.

IJDI accepts both regular papers and review articles written in English. Use the Microsoft Word to prepare your manuscript. PDF is not an acceptable format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Submitted papers should typically be 20-30 double-spaced typewritten pages, and should in no event exceed 40 pages. The text should be single-column format with Times New Roman 12pt font.

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. A typical manuscript should include these major sections: Title Page, Abstract (including keywords), Introduction, Literature Review, Research & Methodology, Analysis, Results and Managerial Insights, Conclusion, Funding, Acknowledgements, References, Appendix (if any), tables, and figures.

The title page should include the article title, author names and affiliations, and the current address, email address, and telephone number of the corresponding author. The title of paper should be concise, specific and relevant;

The abstract should appear on a separate page, immediately following the title page. The abstract of paper should not exceed 200 words. Immediately below the abstract on the same page should appear a list of 4-6 keywords.

All submissions should be made electronically at Submission.


Submission Checklist

  • Make sure that issues about Publication ethics, Copyright and references format have been appropriately considered;
  • Ensure that all authors have approved the content of the submitted manuscript (author statement file);
  • Confirm that neither the manuscript submitted to IJDI nor any parts of its content are currently under consideration or published in another journal;
  • Authors' full names must be provided. At least one author should be designated as corresponding author, and his/her email address and other details should be included in the title page;
  • A cover letter must be included with each submission. It should be concise and explain why the content of the paper is significant, placing the findings in the context of existing work and why it fits the scope of the journal;
  • To facilitate peer-reviewing of your manuscript, it is essential that it is submitted in grammatically correct English. If you are not a native English speaker, we encourage that you have your manuscript professionally edited or read by a native English-speaking colleague before submission;
  • Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in accordance with their appearance in the text and placed next to the relevant text in the article; Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article;
  • Provide images in .tiff or .jpg format at 300 dpi or higher resolution. Figures are best prepared at the size you would expect them to appear in print;
  • For figure legends or captions should use Arabic numerals, following the order in which they appear in the manuscript, and explaining any abbreviations or symbols that appear in the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the figure;
  • Ensure that all references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa.



There are two parts to referencing: the citations within the text of your paper and the reference list at the end of your paper. All documents cited in your assignment must be listed in a single alphabetical list at the end of the assignment. References must be cited and listed according to APA format as follows:

Citations in the text can either be placed at the end of a sentence in parentheses or alternatively, citations may be included in the text. Example :

Foo and Kelso (2001) showed that goal directed meaning connects perception and specification.

There are many approaches to psychological testing (Kline, 2000, pp. 26-27)

Note: When referring to multiple authors within the text, precede the final author's name with the word and. When citing materials within parentheses, precede the final author's name with & . Example :

... as Kurtines and Szapocnik (2003) demonstrated.

... as has been demonstrated (Kurtines & Szapocnik, 2003).

Note: When referring to in-text citations with three or more authors, only include the first author’s last name, followed by “et al.”, a comma and the year of publication, for example (Taylor et al., 2018).

Note: An electronic document would be cited in the text in the same way as a print document.


Reference List at the end of the paper should be organized as follows:

Standard format for citation of books :

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of work: Subtitle (edition.). (Volume(s).). Publisher.

Example :

Newcomb, H. (2000). Television: The critical view (6th ed.). Oxford University Press.


Standard format for citation of E-books :

Author, A., & Author, B. (date of original publication). Title of e-book: Subtitle. Publisher. DOI or URL.

Example :

Bass, L., Clements, P., & Kazman, R. (2003). Software architecture in practice (2nd ed.). Addison-Wesley.


Standard format for citation of book chapters :

Author of Part, A. A. (Year). Title of chapter or part. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title: Subtitle of book (edition., inclusive page numbers). Publisher.

Example :

Friese, C., Hofmann, W., & Wanke, M. (2003). The impulsive consumer: Predicting consumer behavior with implicit reaction time measures. In M. Wanke (Ed.), Social psychology of consumer behavior (pp. 335-364). Psychology Press.


Standard format for citation of journal articles :

Article Author, A. A., & Article Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), inclusive page numbers.

Example :

Zhang, B., Cohen, J., Ferrence, R., & Rehm, J. (2006). The impact of tobacco tax cuts on smoking initiation among Canadian young adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 30(6), 474-479.


Standard format for citation of E-journals :

Article Author, A. A., & Article Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), inclusive page or paragraph numbers. DOI or URL.

Example :

Borman, W. C., Hanson, M. A., Oppler, S. H., Pulakos, E. D., & White, L. A. (1993). Role of early supervisory experience in supervisor performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(3), 443-449.


Standard format for citation of newspaper articles :

Article Author, A. A. (Year, date). Title of article. Title of Newspaper: Section, inclusive page numbers.

Example :

Hatch, B. (2006, July 13). Smoke lingers for those who keep hospitality flowing. Australian Financial Review, p. 14.


Standard format for citation of presentation in conference proceedings :

Author, A., & Author, B. (Year, Month date). Title of session [Paper presentation]. In A. Editor, & B. Editor. Title of Published Proceedings. Title of Conference: Subtitle of Conference, Location (inclusive page numbers). Publisher.

Example :

Rowling, L. (1993, September). Schools and grief: How does Australia compare to the United States [Paper presentation]. In Wandarna coowar: Hidden grief. 8th National Conference of the National Association for Loss and Grief (Australia), Yeppoon, Queensland (pp. 196-201). National Association for Loss and Grief.


Standard format for citation of unpublished thesis :

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of thesis: Subtitle [Unpublished thesis type]. Name of University.

Example :

Milnes, G. M. (1998). Adolescent depression: The use of generative instruction to increase rational beliefs and decrease irrational beliefs and depressed mood [Unpublished M.Appl.Psy. thesis]. Murdoch University.


More information about In Text Citations and References List are also available on the APA Style website at Link.